Congenital Scoliosis, a spine condition which develops in utero and is present in infancy. A rare condition, affecting one in 10,000, there is no known cause, but in most cases the spinal curve must be corrected surgically.
– which sometimes develops in individuals who cannot walk due to a neuromuscular condition such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy. This may also be called myopathic scoliosis.
– (adult scoliosis), which is a common condition that occurs later in life as the joints in the spine degenerate. Read more about adult scoliosis.
– The type of fracture in the spine that is typically caused by osteoporosis is generally referred to as a compression fracture. A compression fracture is usually defined as a vertebral bone in the spine that has decreased at least 15 to 20% in height due to fracture.
– A burst fracture is a spinal injury where the vertebra breaks due to immediate and severe compression. Immediate trauma such as a car accident or a severe fall are the leading causes for burst fractures with pieces of the vertebra shattering into surrounding tissues and sometimes the spinal canal.
– Vertebral augmentation is a category of surgical procedures that are used to stabilize a fractured vertebra with the goal of reducing the patient’s pain. These procedures are termed vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, or radiofrequency vertebral augmentation.
– The goals of the vertebroplasty surgical procedure are to stabilize the spinal fracture and to stop the pain caused by the fracture. Vertebroplasty is considered a minimally invasive surgical procedure because the procedure is done through a small puncture in the patient’s skin (as opposed to an open incision). A typical vertebroplasty procedure, described below, usually takes about 1 hour to complete.
– The goals of a kyphoplasty surgical procedure are designed to stop the pain caused by a spinal fracture, to stabilize the bone, and to restore some or all of the lost vertebral body height due to the compression fracture.
– in the lumbar spine, or lower back, refers to a syndrome in which a compromised disc causes low back pain
– with stenosis, facet joints in the spine can enlarge and place pressure on the spinal nerve roots or spinal cord, causing back pain, leg pain, arm pain and other symptoms during certain activities.
– is a condition in which a defect in a part of the spine causes vertebra to slip to one side of the body.
– A pars defect is believed to be a stress fracture. A stress fracture happens from repeated strain on a bone. At first the body is able to heal the damage. If the repeated strains happen faster than the body can respond, the bone eventually fractures. People are not born with spondylolysis. It commonly first appears in childhood. Football linemen and gymnasts are affected the most.
– occurs when the disc degenerates and the inner core leaks out.
– Sciatica describes symptoms that travel from the low back and produce leg pain.
- Microdiscectomy (Microdecompression) Spine Surgery
- Lumbar Decompression Back Surgery Considerations
- Lumbar Laminectomy Surgery for Spinal Stenosis (Open Decompression)
- Posterolateral vs. Interbody Fusion: The Two Main Approaches to Spinal Fusion
- Minimally Invasive Anterior Approach Spine Surgery
- Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Systems
Most spinal column tumors have spread from another area of the body (metastatic), with the majority originally coming from tumors in the breast, prostate, kidney, lung or thyroid.
There are three common types of spinal tumors that can cause back pain: vertebral column tumors, intradural-extramedullary tumors, and intramedullary tumors.
A spine tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue found in and/or around the spinal column and/or spinal cord.
– Degenerative disc disease in the lumbar spine, or lower back, refers to a syndrome in which a compromised disc causes low back pain.
– Causes neck pain by compressing the cervical nerve roots
– refers to impaired function of the spinal cord caused by degenerative changes of the discs and facet joints acquired in adult life.