Congenital Scoliosis develops in utero and is present in infancy. A rare condition, affecting one in 10,000, there is no known cause, but in most cases the spinal curve must be corrected surgically.
Neuromuscular Scoliosis sometimes develops in individuals who cannot walk due to a neuromuscular condition such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy. This may also be called myopathic scoliosis.
Degenerative Scoliosis (adult scoliosis), which is a common condition that occurs later in life as the joints in the spine degenerate.